Saturday, March 24, 2018

Prof. Ahmed Saleh
Head of Geomagnetism Laboratory

Geomagnetic Laboratory

The geomagnetic laboratory is one of the oldest laboratories in the institute. The geomagnetic observations are dated back to the beginning of the 19 century. The mission of the geomagnetic laboratory is to serve the Egyptian community by providing access to state-of-the-art laboratory facilities, technical assistance and scientific expertise for research in a wide variety of topics relevant to studies in onshore/offshore magnetic explorations, magnetotelluric, geomagnetic absolute observations, paleomagnetism, rock and mineral magnetism, and other related interdisciplinary fields.

Members Geomagnetic Laboratory

Name Title Internal phone Cell Phone E-Mail
Ibrahim Ali El-Hemaly Prof. Dr. +201005052271
Ahmed Saleh Mohamed Prof. Dr. Head of the Laboratory +201004399263
Hanfi Ali Deebs Prof. Dr. +201223123139
Mohamed El-Said Abd El-Fatah Prof. Dr. elbohoty3@
Esmat Mohamed Abd El-All Prof. Dr. +201226107851
Taha Tawfik Rabeh Prof. Dr. +201119373310
Tareq Fahmy Abdallatif Prof. Dr. +201063323744
Tarek Arafa Hamed Prof. Dr. +201001171277
Mahmoud Mohamed Mekkawi Prof. Dr. +201225230945
Ahmed Bakr Khalil Prof. Dr. +201026447030
Maha Abd El-Azim Mohamed Assoc. Prof. +201005648367
Essam Aboud Mohamed Assoc. Prof.
Ahmed Kotb El-Emam Assoc. Prof. +201002749780
Ahmed Mohsen Lethy Assoc. Prof. +201282550301
Essam Mohamed Ghamry Assoc. Prof. +201110905042
Reem Moustafa Mohamed Dr. +201113300804
Abdo Khalaf Abd El-kader Dr. +201009798746
Emad M. H.Takla Dr. +201061604105
Ahmed Ibrahim Amin Dr. +201006177040
Ahmed Awad Abd El-rahman Dr. +201144310317
Alaa Mohamed Samy Researcher Assistant
Alshymaa Mohammad Guda Researcher Assistant
Hosam Hassan Assistant Researcher +201061386060
Enas Mohammed Abdel Razek Assistant Researcher +201021762020
Mohamed Khalifa Assistant Researcher +201289388711
Instrument name Manufacture company Photo
Proton magnetometer


Over hauser magnetometer (GSM-19) GEM Systems  
Cesuim magnetometer


Fluxgate gradiometer


Marine Cesium magnetometer


ADU-07e Metronix  
Ohm mapper




Soil Strength (Triaxial) ELE



 (80 sample thermal demagnetizer)

Portable Rock Drill for paleomagnetic sampling  


Advanced Geoscience Instruments





JR-5 Dual Speed Spinner Magnetometer

For measurements of Declination, Inclination and remanent magnetization

Advanced Geoscience Instruments






Land Magnetic survey

The aim of a magnetic survey is to investigate subsurface geology on the basis of the anomalies in the earth’s magnetic field resulting from the magnetic properties of the underlying rocks. In general, the magnetic content (susceptibility) of rocks is extremely variable depending on the type of rock and the environment it is in. Common causes of magnetic anomalies include dykes, faults and lava flows.

Anomalies in the earth’s magnetic field are caused by induced or remanent magnetism. Induced magnetic anomalies are the result of secondary magnetization induced in a ferrous body by the earth’s magnetic field. The shape, dimensions, and amplitude of an induced magnetic anomaly is a function of the orientation, geometry, size, depth, and magnetic susceptibility of the body as well as the intensity and inclination of the earth’s magnetic field in the survey area.

The magnetic method is typically used to map basement relief, faults, and basic igneous intrusions. This can be applied for oil exploration, ground water investigation, geotechnical applications and as a reconnaissance tool for new urban areas.

Marine magnetic survey

Various maritime survey methods, such as sonar, optical and magnetic technologies, are used for locating submerged artifacts. Marine magnetic surveys have been successfully used for mapping marine ferrous targets, contaminated seabed sediments, and archeological structures.

The magnetic method has proved to be the most effective for locating ferro-metallic objects masked by sea floor sediments or buried under the seabed. Because the intensity of the magnetic field produced by a magnetized body drops rapidly as the distance to the measured point increases, tow fish configuration is widely used. Optimal and safe magnetometer altitude over the seabed is maintained by adjusting the depressor wings and/or by placing the cable weights periodically along the length of the tow cable. Most modern magnetic surveys are conducted using gradiometers that consist of two or more sensors separated by a fixed distance.

Archaeological prospection

Magnetic survey is one of a number of methods used in archaeological prospection. Magnetic surveys record spatial variation in the Earth’s magnetic field. In archaeology, magnetic surveys are used to detect and map archaeological artefacts and features. Magnetic surveys are used in both terrestrial and marine archaeology.

The magnetic method is effective for locating mud bricks, granite, and metallic objects. Moreover, it could detect sealing blocks and shafts in ferruginous sand stone. The magnetic measurements is very sensitive to variation in magnetic susceptibility. Magnetic Susceptibility is the key to coherent results from magnetic surveys.  Moreover, not only can the difference in magnetic susceptibility between topsoil and subsoil be used in a predictive manner, but also the spatial variation of susceptibility enhancement throughout the topsoil itself indicates ‘activity’ in the archaeological perspective.

Although the changes in the magnetic field associated with archaeological features are usually weak, changes as small as 0.2 nanoTesla (nT) in an overall field strength of 42,000 nT, can be accurately detected using a dedicated instrument.  Mapping the anomaly in a systematic manner will allow an estimate of the type of material beneath the ground.  Anomalies that are of interest are the product of relative contrasts between the subsoil and magnetically enhanced archaeological features.

Absolute Magnetic measurements

Measurement of the magnetic field direction in term of magnetic declination and inclination. The Absolute measurements are conducted using the DI flux magnetometer with accuracy of few arc seconds. Usually, the magnetic declination is measured for compass bed calibration and normal field measurements.

Environmental and Engineering applications

  • Locate abandoned steel well casings, buried tanks, pipes and metallic debris
  • Map old waste sites and landfill boundaries


NRIAG has two geomagnetic observatories. Misallat geomagnetic observatory located 70 km to the south west of Cairo in Faiyum governorate and Abu Simble geomagnetic observatory in Aswan governorate in south Egypt.