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Cairo, EG
Sunday, January 26, 2020
The Transient Universe
Workshop : Patents Right
The Transient Universe
Meteorites Workshop
Sun Orthogonality Phenomenon

Prof. Ahmed Saleh
Head of Geomagnetism Laboratory

Geomagnetic Laboratory

The geomagnetic laboratory is one of the oldest laboratories in the institute. The geomagnetic observations are dated back to the beginning of the 19 century. The mission of the geomagnetic laboratory is to serve the Egyptian community by providing access to state-of-the-art laboratory facilities, technical assistance and scientific expertise for research in a wide variety of topics relevant to studies in onshore/offshore magnetic explorations, magnetotelluric, geomagnetic absolute observations, paleomagnetism, rock and mineral magnetism, and other related interdisciplinary fields.

Members Geomagnetic Laboratory

Name Title Internal phone Cell Phone E-Mail

Ibrahim Ali El-Hemaly
Head of Department +201005052271 elhemaly@nriag.sci.eg

Ahmed Saleh Mohamed
Prof. Dr. Head of the Laboratory +201004399263 ahmed.saleh@nriag.sci.eg
Hanfi Ali Deebs Prof. Dr. +201223123139 hanafyaly_d@nriag.sci.eg
Mohamed El-Said Abd El-Fatah Prof. Dr. elbohoty3@ yahoo.com

Esmat Mohamed Abd El-All
Prof. Dr. +201226107851 esmatabd@nriag.sci.eg

Taha Tawfik Rabeh
Prof. Dr. +201119373310 taharabeh@nriag.sci.eg

Tarek Arafa Hamed
Prof. Dr. +201063323744 tareqfaa02@yahoo.com
Tarek Arafa Hamed Prof. Dr. +201001171277 tarek.arafa@nriag.sci.eg

Mahmoud Mohamed Mekkawi
Prof. Dr. +201225230945 mahmoudmekkawi@nriag.sci.eg

Ahmed Bakr Khalil
Prof. Dr. +201026447030 ahmedkhalil@nriag.sci.eg

Maha Abd El-Azim Mohamed
Assoc. Prof. +201005648367 maazeem03@nriag.sci.eg
Essam Aboud Mohamed Assoc. Prof. eaboud@nriag.sci.eg

Ahmed Kotb El-Emam
Assoc. Prof. +201002749780 ayaahmed2002@yahoo.com
Ahmed Mohsen Lethy Assoc. Prof. +201282550301 alethy@nriag.sci.eg

Essam Mohamed Ghamry
Assoc. Prof. +201110905042 essamgh@nriag.sci.eg

Reem Moustafa Mohamed
Dr. +201113300804 reem_mostafa2002@nriag.sci.eg
Abdo Khalaf Abd El-kader Dr. +201009798746 eng_abdou1@yahoo.com

Emad M. H.Takla
Dr. +201061604105 emad_nriag@yahoo.com
Ahmed Ibrahim Amin Dr. +201006177040 geophysicist80@yahoo.com

Ahmed Awad Abd El-rahman
Dr. +201144310317 ahmedawd@nriag.sci.eg

Alaa Mohamed Samy
Researcher Assistant aalaasamy@nriag.sci.eg

Alshymaa Mohammad Guda
Researcher Assistant alshymaa@nriag.sci.eg
Hosam Hassan Assistant Researcher +201061386060 hossam.hassan@nriag.sci.eg
Enas Mohammed Abdel Razek Assistant Researcher +201021762020 enas.mohammed@nriag.sci.eg

Mohamed Khalifa
Assistant Researcher +201289388711 mohamed.khalifa@nriag.sci.eg

Instrument name Manufacture company Photo
Proton magnetometer


Over hauser magnetometer (GSM-19) GEM Systems  
Cesuim magnetometer


Fluxgate gradiometer


Marine Cesium magnetometer


ADU-07e Metronix  
Ohm mapper




Soil Strength (Triaxial) ELE



 (80 sample thermal demagnetizer)

Portable Rock Drill for paleomagnetic sampling  


Advanced Geoscience Instruments





JR-5 Dual Speed Spinner Magnetometer

For measurements of Declination, Inclination and remanent magnetization

Advanced Geoscience Instruments






Land Magnetic survey

The aim of a magnetic survey is to investigate subsurface geology on the basis of the anomalies in the earth’s magnetic field resulting from the magnetic properties of the underlying rocks. In general, the magnetic content (susceptibility) of rocks is extremely variable depending on the type of rock and the environment it is in. Common causes of magnetic anomalies include dykes, faults and lava flows.

Anomalies in the earth’s magnetic field are caused by induced or remanent magnetism. Induced magnetic anomalies are the result of secondary magnetization induced in a ferrous body by the earth’s magnetic field. The shape, dimensions, and amplitude of an induced magnetic anomaly is a function of the orientation, geometry, size, depth, and magnetic susceptibility of the body as well as the intensity and inclination of the earth’s magnetic field in the survey area.

The magnetic method is typically used to map basement relief, faults, and basic igneous intrusions. This can be applied for oil exploration, ground water investigation, geotechnical applications and as a reconnaissance tool for new urban areas.

Marine magnetic survey

Various maritime survey methods, such as sonar, optical and magnetic technologies, are used for locating submerged artifacts. Marine magnetic surveys have been successfully used for mapping marine ferrous targets, contaminated seabed sediments, and archeological structures.

The magnetic method has proved to be the most effective for locating ferro-metallic objects masked by sea floor sediments or buried under the seabed. Because the intensity of the magnetic field produced by a magnetized body drops rapidly as the distance to the measured point increases, tow fish configuration is widely used. Optimal and safe magnetometer altitude over the seabed is maintained by adjusting the depressor wings and/or by placing the cable weights periodically along the length of the tow cable. Most modern magnetic surveys are conducted using gradiometers that consist of two or more sensors separated by a fixed distance.

Archaeological prospection

Magnetic survey is one of a number of methods used in archaeological prospection. Magnetic surveys record spatial variation in the Earth’s magnetic field. In archaeology, magnetic surveys are used to detect and map archaeological artefacts and features. Magnetic surveys are used in both terrestrial and marine archaeology.

The magnetic method is effective for locating mud bricks, granite, and metallic objects. Moreover, it could detect sealing blocks and shafts in ferruginous sand stone. The magnetic measurements is very sensitive to variation in magnetic susceptibility. Magnetic Susceptibility is the key to coherent results from magnetic surveys.  Moreover, not only can the difference in magnetic susceptibility between topsoil and subsoil be used in a predictive manner, but also the spatial variation of susceptibility enhancement throughout the topsoil itself indicates ‘activity’ in the archaeological perspective.

Although the changes in the magnetic field associated with archaeological features are usually weak, changes as small as 0.2 nanoTesla (nT) in an overall field strength of 42,000 nT, can be accurately detected using a dedicated instrument.  Mapping the anomaly in a systematic manner will allow an estimate of the type of material beneath the ground.  Anomalies that are of interest are the product of relative contrasts between the subsoil and magnetically enhanced archaeological features.

Absolute Magnetic measurements

Measurement of the magnetic field direction in term of magnetic declination and inclination. The Absolute measurements are conducted using the DI flux magnetometer with accuracy of few arc seconds. Usually, the magnetic declination is measured for compass bed calibration and normal field measurements.

Environmental and Engineering applications

  • Locate abandoned steel well casings, buried tanks, pipes and metallic debris
  • Map old waste sites and landfill boundaries


  • Paleomagnetism of Egyptian basaltic rocks: Direction and Intensity (IMHOTEP 20734YC- Egypt-France Program)
  • Geomagnetic Survey & Detailed Geomagnetic Measurements Within the Egyptian Territory Geomagnetic Survey & Detailed Geomagnetic Measurements Within the Egyptian Territory (STDF)
  • Magnetic activities observed by geomagnetic observatories in Egypt (STDF).
  • Hazard Assessment Due to Earthquakes in Southern Sinai Peninsula, Extensions Around the Capital Cairo and Suez Canal Areas, Egypt (STDF).
  • Exploration and evaluation of the Manganese, Sulphide and copper ore minerals at Abu Zneima, Wadi Saal and Sarabit El Khadim areas, Southern Sinai Peninsula (STDF).
  • Implementation of the Geosciences to Construct the New Desert Urban, Site Management, and Distribute Resources; Pilot area: Moghra Oasis, Qattara Depression (STDF).
  • Exploration of Economic Minerals (Gold, Iron &, Copper) using Geophysical Techniques in South Eastern Desert, Egypt; Pilot areas: Eastern part of Aswan and Wadi Allaqi (STDF).


Paleomagnetism can focus in studying the behaviour of the past geomagnetic field through several million years ago. This technique can be help in studying the plate tectonic processes and Paleogeographic reconstruction of the earth during the past geological era. We are working in Egypt and Africa, addressing tectonic problems and review the set of databases for several ages. We have involved in several projects for studying the Paleomagnetism of Cenozoic and Mesozoic volcanic rocks in Egypt.

NRIAG has two geomagnetic observatories. Misallat geomagnetic observatory located 70 km to the south west of Cairo in Faiyum governorate and Abu Simble geomagnetic observatory in Aswan governorate in south Egypt.

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